Chlamydia Infection: Symptoms and Treatment methodics

Website of Dr. Kevin Chandler

Chlamydia

It is estimated that about 1 million people in the USA are diagnosed with chlamydia. And these are only reported figures but in reality many people are unaware of being infected and don’t get proper chlamydia treatment. Chlamydia causes about a quarter million cases of pelvic inflammatory disease and epididymitis every year. Moreover, people with chlamydia are five times more likely to be infected with HIV. According to my own experience two thirds of the people infected are women.

Chlamydia is a rather common sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis which can be found only in humans. Chlamydia usually affects the genitals of men and women, but sometimes it can infect the throat, rectum and eyes.

Any sexually active person can be exposed to chlamydia infection. Chlamydia trachomatis can be passed during vaginal, anal or oral sex, from an infected mother to her baby in case of vaginal birth. So this disease affects all sexes and there is a higher risk of infection if a person

  • is under 25;
  • has changed sexual partner recently;
  • has had more than two partners during the last year.

Chlamydia symptoms

The main reason of the prevalence of chlamydia is because it’s a “silent” disease. The infected people often have no symptoms of chlamydia at all or put them down to some minor illness. Unfortunately a usual situation is that people are cured of the symptoms but the disease is not found. But the results of uncured infection can be irreversible. The signs of chlamydia usually occur within 1 to 3 weeks after the exposure.

In women the symptoms of chlamydia may be different but the bacterium affects the cervix and the urethra which leads to

A white cloudy or clear discharge from the tip of the penis is a common chlamydia symptom.

  • mild lower abdominal pain;
  • unusual vaginal discharge;
  • bleeding between periods;
  • painful urination;
  • low back pain;
  • pain during sex or bleeding after sex;
  • nausea;
  • fever.

In men chlamydia symptoms are

  • mild irritation at the head of the penis;
  • discharge from the penis;
  • painful and/or frequent urination;
  • pain during sex.

If my patient has one of the above-mentioned symptoms I usually send them to do test and make sure it’s not chlamydia. Men and women who have anal sex may have chlamydial infection in the rectum. In that case the signs of chlamydia are rectal pain, bleeding or discharge.

In pregnant women untreated chlamydia can cause premature delivery and the infection of the born baby. These newborns are predisposed to early infant pneumonia and conjunctivitis.

Also chlamydia can be found in the throats of men and women who have oral intercourse. Recently more frequent became the cases when chlamydia infects the eyes. If you have conjunctivitis (causes sore, red and sticky eyes) and the usual treatment doesn’t help there is a chance of chlamydia infection.

Complications caused by chlamydia

Complications caused by chlamydia

If chlamydial infection is left untreated it can cause serious reproductive and other health problems. The untreated infection in women can spread into the fallopian tubes or uterus which provokes pelvic inflammatory disease in 10-15 per cent of such cases. As a result a woman can get chronic low abdominal pain, infertility and even ectopic (outside the uterus) pregnancy.

In pregnant women untreated chlamydia can cause premature delivery and the infection of the born baby. These newborns are predisposed to early infant pneumonia and conjunctivitis.

The complications of chlamydia among men occur in case of infection spreading to the epididymis and lead to pain, fever and even sterility. As well chlamydia infection may lead to the damage of sperm function and male fertility. Chlamydia conjunctivitis is a common cause of blindness all over the world.

The best ways to protect oneself from chlamydia infection are continence or having sexual relationship with one reliable partner. The use of latex condoms can only reduce the risk of infection but not prevent it.

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